Eric Salomon

Maître de conférences
Section 28 Milieux denses et matériaux

eric.salomon at
+334 13 94 64 77

I obtained my Ph.D. in Physics and Material Sciences in 2005 at the Université de Provence in Marseille, France. From 2005 to 2006, I have been hired as assistant professor at the Université de Provence. In 2006, I joined the group of Professor Antoine Kahn at Princeton University, Princeton, USA, as postdoctoral fellow until 2008. Since the end of 2008, I am full associate professor at Aix-Marseille Université, in the laboratory Physique des Interactions Ioniques et Moléculaires

Research activities

My research activities are related to surface and material sciences.

I am mainly interested in a fundamental understanding of detailed mechanisms occurring at surfaces and interfaces of organic/inorganic hybrid system, surface-covalent organic framework and low-dimensional nano-architectures based on silicon and germanium (Xene). 

My work relies on obtaining information, at the atomic/molecular level, of the structural, vibrational and electronic properties of the systems, together with their on-surface reactivity.

Experimental set-up and diagnostics

I use an experimental set-up (NAUTILUS) dedicated to surface and material sciences and satisfying to ultra-high vacuum conditions (10-10 mbar) to prevent from atmospheric contamination and prepare high quality samples.

The main diagnostics available on NAUTILUS are :

  • Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM)
  • Low-Energy Electrons Diffraction (LEED)
  • High-Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (HREELS)
  • Angular-Resolved PhotoEmission Spectroscopy (ARPES)

I regularly performed experiments on synchrotrons facilities to complete our lab’s measurements and where I mostly used:

  • High-Resolution Angular-Resolved PhotoEmission Spectroscopy (HR-ARPES)
  • Near-Edge X-rays Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy
  • PhotoElectron Diffraction (PED)

Teaching duties

I am teaching fundamental and experimental Physics at both at Bachelor and Master levels. I am mainly involve in the Polytech’ engineering school as well as the master “Fundamental Physics” of AMU.


  1. F. Taccogna, …, E. Salomon, et al., “Latest experimental and theoretical advances in the production of negative ions in caesium-free plasmas”, Eur. Phys. J. D 75 (2021) 227
  2. E. Salomon, M. Minissale, F. Romero Lairado, S. Coussan, P. Rousselot-Pailley, F. Dulieu, and T. Angot, “Pyrene adsorption on a Ag(111) surface”, J. Phys. Chem. C 125 (2021) 11166
  3. Y. Sassa, F.O.L. Johansson, A. Linblad, M.G. Yazdi, K. Simonov, J. Weissenrieder, M. Muntwiler, F.Iyikanat, H. Sahin, T. Angot, E. Salomon, and G. Le Lay, “Kagome silicene: a novel exotic form of two dimensional epitaxial silicon”, Appl. Surf. Sci., 530 (2020) 147195
  4. Pardanaud, C.; Dellasega, D.; Passoni, M.; Martin, C.; Roubin, P.; Addab, Y.; Arnas, C.; Couedel, L.; Minissale, M.; Salomon, E.; Giacometti, G.; Merlen, A.; Bernard, E.; Mateus, R.; Alves, E.; Siketic, Z.; Bogdanović R., Iva; Hakola, A.”Post-mortem analysis of tungsten plasma facing components in tokamaks: Raman microscopy measurements on compact, porous oxide and nitride films and nanoparticles”, Nuclear Fusion 60 (2020) 086004
  5. A. Cassidy, S. Pedersen, H. Bluhm, V. Calisti, T. Angot, E. Salomon, R. Bisson, L. Hornekær, “Patterned formation of enolate functional groups on the graphene basal plane”, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 20 (2018) 28370
  6. N. Kalashnyk, E. Salomon, S. H. Mun, J. Jung, L. Giovanelli, T. Angot, F. Dumur, D. Gigmes, S. Clair, “The Orientation of Silver Surfaces Drives the Reactivity and the
    Selectivity in Homo-coupling Reactions”, ChemPhysChem 19 (2018) 1802
  7. M. Ezawa, E. Salomon, P. De Padova, D. Solonenko, P. Vogt, M. E. Dávila, A. Molle, T. Angot, and G. Le Lay, “Silicene, germanene, stanene: fundamentals as 2D topological insulators, realizations and functionalities”, La Rivista del Nuevo Cimento 41 (2018) 175
  8. U. Schwingenschlögl, J. Zhu, T. Morishita, M.J.S. Spencer, P. De Padova, A. Generosi, B. Paci, C. Ottaviani, C. Quaresima, B. Olivieri, E. Salomon, T. Angot, G. Le Lay, H. J.W. Zandvliet, L. C. L. Yan Voon, “Elemental Two-Dimensional Materials Beyond Graphene”, Phys. Sci. Rev. 2 (2017) 20160111
  9. N. Kalashnyk, K. Mouhat, J. Oh, J. Jung, Y. Xie, E. Salomon, T. Angot, F. Dumur, D. Gigmes, S. Clair, “On-surface synthesis of aligned functional nanoribbons monitored by scanning tunnelling microscopy and vibrational spectroscopy”, Nat. Commun. 8 (2017) 14735
  10. D. Beato Medina, E. Salomon, G. Le Lay, T. Angot, “Hydrogenation of silicene films grown on Ag(111)”, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 219 (2017) 57
  11. P. De Padova, A. Generosi, B. Paci, C. Ottaviani, C. Quaresima, B. Olivieri, E. Salomon, T. Angot and G. Le Lay, “Multilayer silicene: clear evidence”, 2D Mater. 3 (2016) 031011
  12. G. Le Lay, E. Salomon, T. Angot, “Silicene: silicon conquers the 2D world”, Europhys. News 47 (2016) 17
  13. E. Salomon, D. Beato-Medina, A. Verdini, A. Cossaro, D. Cvetko, G. Kladnik, L. Floreano and
    T. Angot, “Correlation between Charge Transfer and Adsorption Site in CoPc Overlayers Adsorbed on Ag(100)”, J. Phys. Chem. C 119 (2015) 23422
  14. G. Le Lay, E. Salomon, T. Angot, and M. E. Davila, “Increasing the lego of 2D electronics materials: silicene and germanene, graphene’s new synthetic cousins”, SPIE 9467, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications VII, 94670U (2015)
  15. G. Le Lay, E. Salomon, T. Angot, and M. E. Davila, “Silicene and germanene: advanced synthetic 2D materials for future electronics”, SPIE newsroom (2015), doi: 10.1117/2.1201503.005840
  16. P. De Padova, C. Ottaviani, C. Quaresima, B. Olivieri, P. Imperatori, E. Salomon, L. Quagliano, C. Romano, A. Vona, M. Muniz-Miranda, G. Le Lay, A. Generosi, B. Paci and T. Angot, “24 hours stability of thick multilayer silicene in air”, 2D Materials 1 (2014) 021003
  17. G. Le Lay, E. Salomon, P. De Padova, J.-M. Layet, and T. Angot, ” The Rise of Elemental Two-Dimensional Materials Beyond Graphene”, Highlight in Aust. J. Chem. 67 (2014) 1379
  18. E. Salomon, R. El Ajjouri, G Le Lay and T. Angot, “Growth and structural properties of silicene at multilayer coverage”, J. Phys. Cond. Matt. 26 (2014) 185003
  19. E. Salomon, P. Amsalem, N. Marom, M. Vondracek, L. Kronik, N. Koch and T. Angot, “Electronic structure of CoPc adsorbed on Ag(100): Evidence for molecule-substrate interaction mediated by Co 3d orbitals”, Phys. Rev. B 87 (2013) 075407
  20. L. Giovanelli, F. C. Bocquet, P. Amsalem, H.-L. Lee, M. Abel, S. Clair, M. Koudia, T. Faury, L. Petaccia, D. Topwal, E. Salomon, T. Angot, A. A. Cafolla, N. Koch, L. Porte, A. Goldoni and J.-M. Themlin, “Interpretation of valence band photoemission spectra at organic-metal interfaces”, Phys. Rev. B 87 (2013) 035413
  21. E. Salomon, J.-M. Layet, T. Angot, “Collective mode in a well-ordered organic monolayer”, Phys. Rev. B 85 (2012) 125420
  22. E. Salomon, T. Angot, “Modification of physical properties of silicon nanowires, grown onto Ag(110), by selective adsorption: from atomic hydrogen to molecules”, invited paper in Sci. Adv. Mater. 3 (2011) 1
  23. S. C. Bobaru, E. Salomon, J.-M. Layet, T. Angot, “Structural properties of iron phtalocyanines on Ag(111): from submonolayer to monolayer range”, J. Phys. Chem. C 115 (2011) 5875
  24. O. Yaffe, L. Scheres, L. Segev, A. Biller, I. Ron, E. Salomon, M. Giesbers, A. Kahn, L. Kronik, H. Zuilhof, A. Vilan, D. Cahen, “Hg/Molecular Monolayer−Si Junctions: Electrical Interplay between Monolayer Properties and Semiconductor Doping Density”, J. Phys. Chem. C 114 (2010) 10270
  25. Kim D., Salman S., Coropceanu V., Salomon E., Padmaperuma A., Sapochak L., Kahn A., Bredas J.-L., “Phosphine oxide derivatives as hosts for blue phosphors: A joint theoretical and experimental study of their electronic structure”, Chem. Mat. 22 (2010) 247
  26. E. Salomon, T. Angot, J.-M. Layet, C. Thomas, M. Gothelid, P. Palmgren, “Etching of silicon nanowires on Ag(110) by atomic hydrogen”, Surf. Sci. 603 (2009) 3350
  27. M. Häming, J. Ziroff, E. Salomon, O. Seitz, D. Cahen, A. Kahn, E. Umbach, A. Schöll, F. Reinert, “Electronic Band Structure and Ensemble Effect in Monolayers of Linear Molecules investigated by Photoelectron Spectroscopy “, Phys. Rev. B 79 (2009) 155418
  28. H. Shpaisman G. Nesher, A. Vilan, H. Cohen, D. Cahen, E. Salomon, A. Kahn, “Electrical transport and photoemission experiments of alkylphosphonate monolayers on GaAs”, J. Phys. Chem. C 113 (2009) 3313
  29. E. Salomon, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, A. Kahn, “Photoemission studies of interfaces between a tris(thieno)hexaazatriphenylene derivative and metals”, Org. Elect. 9 (2008) 944
  30. F. Thieblemont, O. Seitz, A. Vilan, H. Cohen, E. Salomon, A. Kahn, D. Cahen, “Electronic Transport through Molecular Monolayers: Comparison between Hg / alkoxy & alkyl monolayer / Si (100) junctions”, Adv. Mater. 20 (20) (2008) 3931
  31. E. Salomon, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, A. Kahn, “Quasiepitaxy of a tris(thieno)hexaazatriphenylene derivative adsorbed on Ag(110): structural and electronic properties probed by scanning tunneling microscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. C 112 (2008) 9803
  32. E. Salomon, A. Kahn, “One dimensional organic nano-structures: novel approach based on silicon nanowires”, Surf. Sci. Lett., 602 (2008) L79
  33. W. Zhao, E. Salomon, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, A. Kahn, “Substrate-dependent electronic structure of an organic heterojunction”, Phys. Rev. B 77 (2008) 165336
  34. E. Salomon, N. Papageorgiou, T. Angot, A. Verdini, A. Cossaro, L. Floreano, A. Morgante, L. Giovanelli, G. Le Lay, “Lead-phthalocyanine films by Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. C 111 (2007) 12467
  35. E. Salomon, T. Angot, N. Papageorgiou, J.M. Layet, “Adsorption of Metal-Free Phthalocyanine on InSb and InAs(001)-4×2/c(8×2) surface”, J. Phys. Chem. C 111 (2007) 5721
  36. E. Salomon, T. Angot, N. Papageorgiou, J.M. Layet, “Self-Assembled Monolayer of Tin Phthalocyanine on InSb(001)-4×2/c(8×2)”, Surf. Sci. 596 (2005) 74
  37. N. Papageorgiou, E. Salomon, T. Angot, J.M. Layet, L. Giovanelli, G. Le Lay, “Physics of ultra-thin phthalocyanine films on semiconductors”, Prog. Surf. Sci. 77 (2004) 139
  38. T. Angot, E. Salomon, N. Papageorgiou, J.M. Layet, “Long range one-dimensional ordering of lead phthalocyanine monolayer on InSb(100)- 4×2/c(8×2)”, Surf. Sci. 572 (2004) 59
  39. E. Salomon, N. Papageorgiou, Y. Ferro and J.M. Layet, “Electronic transitions and resonance electron scattering measured by electron energy loss spectroscopy of lead phthalocyanine thin film”, Thin Solid Films 466 (2004) 259
  40. N. Papageorgiou, Y. Ferro, E. Salomon, A. Allouche, J. M. Layet, L. Giovanelli and G. Le Lay, “Geometry and electronic structure of lead-phthalocyanine: Quantum calculations via density-functional theory and photoemission measurements”, Phys. Rev. B 68 (2003) 235105

Book chapter

  1. E. Salomon, T. Angot, L. Lew Yan Voon, G. Le Lay “Silicene Genesis and Prospects” in Elsevier book on “Xenes: 2D Synthetic Materials Beyond Graphene” by C. Grazianetti and A. Molle, 2022
  2. E. Salomon, D. Beato-Medina, P. De Padova, T. Angot and G. Le Lay “Silicene” in Springer Handbook of Surface Science, M. Rocca, L. Vattuone and T. Rahman, Springer International Publishing AG, 2020
  3. G. Le Lay, E. Salomon, T. Angot, “Silicene, Germanene, and Stanene” in 2D Materials Properties and Devices, P. Avouris, T. F. Heinz and T. Low, Cambridge University Press, 2017