Nos tutelles

CNRS

Rechercher





Accueil > Français > Équipes > H2M - Hydrogène Molécules Matériaux > Axe Matériaux > Béryllium

H retention and dendrite formation in beryllium

publié le , mis à jour le

H retention and dendrite formation in beryllium

Hydrogen retention in beryllium : concentration effect and nanocrystalline growth

C Pardanaud et al., Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter 27 475401 (2015)

Abstract
We report on the formation of BeD2 nanocrystalline domes on the surface of a beryllium sample exposed to energetic deuterium ions.
A polycrystalline beryllium sample was exposed to D ions at 2 keV/atom leading to laterally averaged deuterium areal densities up to 3.5 1017 D cm-2, and studied using nuclear reaction analysis, Raman microscopy, atomic force microscopy, optical microscopy and quantum calculations. Incorporating D in beryllium generates a tensile stress that reaches a plateau at ≈ 1.5 1017 D cm-2.
For values higher than 2.0 1017 cm-2, we observed the growth of ≈90 nm high dendrites, covering up to 10% of the surface in some zones of the sample when the deuterium concentration was 3 × 1017 D cm-2.
These dendrites are composed of crystalline BeD2, as evidenced by Raman microscopy and quantum calculations. They are candidates to explain low temperature thermal desorption spectroscopy peaks observed when bombarding Be samples with D ions with fluencies higher than 1.2 1017 D cm-2.

Publication
- Hydrogen retention in beryllium : concentration effect and nanocrystalline growth
C Pardanaud, M I Rusu, C Martin, G Giacometti, P Roubin, Y Ferro, A Allouche, M Oberkofler, M Köppen, T Dittmar and Ch Linsmeier
Journal of Physics : Condensed Matter 27 475401 (2015)